“…. result in the domestic collection of data on American citizens ON American soil?….”♦I am not definitively able to say whether American citizens were spied secretly upon between the FISA and the Patriot Act. That information is not publicly available. None of the warrants are available; however, from the FISA page 3 :• ((f) “Electronic surveillance” means—(3) the intentional acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any radio communication, under circumstances in which a person has areasonable expectation of privacy and a warrant would be required for law enforcement purposes, and if both the sender and all intended recipients are located within the United States;•From page 8:(5) the application which has been filed contains all statements and certifications required by section 104 and, if the target is a United States person, the certification or certifications are not clearly erroneous on the basis of the statement made under section 104(a) (7) (E) and any other information furnished under section 104(d).•Anyway, yeah, they could spy on American Citizens.•Just as general information, Since the FISA’s inception, there have been 33,949 FISA applications with only 11 rejected. There is something that I haven’t seen brought up is a thing called a “National Security Letter” of which 304,862 have been issued since 2003. These are issued by the FBI (mostly, but can be used by other agencies) to get around subpoenas and warrants. When issued they come with a gag order. These NSL’s are what have been used to get personal information from Google, Facebook, etc., and are currently in the court system as to legality. They can be issued by personnel as far down the chain of command as a Special Agent in Charge in a Bureau field office.•There is a ton more on this out there of the nature of what I’ve posted. I’ve truncated way to much to give all of the exceptions and provisos trying to keep this “unsuccessfully” short so please don’t beat me up with any that I left out that you run across.
John Deering and John Newcombe