The compromise of 1877: An American nakba for former slaves and their descendants.
Since the inception of their political party, Democrats had kept dark-skinned people of African descent in forced servitude in the South.
The new Republican party was formed in 1855. Five years later, they had elected the first Republican president of the United States. Five years after that they had freed all of the slaves in the South after a bitter war with the racist Democrat white-supremacists of the Confederacy.
After the Civil War, federal troops were kept in the South to protect the newly freed slaves from their former Democrat masters.
In 1877, the Republican president agreed to remove all remaining federal troops from the South in return for a guarantee from southern Democrats that the civil rights of African-Americans would be protected.
Shortly after the troops were removed, the Democrats reneged on their pledge and implemented harsh Jim Crow laws throughout the South. This betrayal resulted in a cruel system of Apartheid oppression of all citizens having black skin.
Racist Democrat white-supremacists enforced segregation, racial discrimination, intimidation of black voters, whites-only lunch counters, whites-only restrooms, whites-only drinking fountains, whites-only swimming pools, whites-only movie theaters, whites-only hotels, and on and on and on.