Only about 40 people on Haida Gwaii speak Haida. It is sad when the estimated population of the Haida before contact was in the tens of thousands (not just on Haida Gwaii). A Hudson’s Bay Company census in 1885 showed that there were only about 800 Haida left. In 1915, there were even fewer — only 588. This was due mostly to disease spread by the white population. A very disgusting thing was Haida children were sent as far away as Alberta to live among English-speaking families or put up in boarding schools (the Canadian Indian residential school system) where they were to be forced into the dominant culture. This was done mostly without the family’s consent. There a number of other atrocities forced on the Haida in an effort to force them to become “Canadians”. Now, at least, Queen Charlotte islands are now Haida Gwaii once again. And the population on Haida Gwaii is up to about 4,000.