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commented on Wizard of Id
7 days ago
The Pledge of Allegiance was written in August 1892 by Francis Bellamy (1855–1931), who was a Baptist minister, a Christian socialist,56 and the cousin of socialist utopian novelist Edward Bellamy (1850–1898). Bellamy’s grave site is located at the Rome Cemetery in Rome, New York. The original “Pledge of Allegiance” was published in the September 8 issue of the popular children’s magazine The Youth’s Companion as part of the National Public-School Celebration of Columbus Day, a celebration of the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas. The event was conceived and promoted by James B. Upham, a marketer for the magazine, as a campaign to instill the idea of American nationalism in students and sell flags to public schools.7 According to author Margarette S. Miller this was in line with Upham’s vision which he “would often say to his wife: ‘Mary, if I can instill into the minds of our American youth a love for their country and the principles on which it was founded, and create in them an ambition to carry on with the ideals which the early founders wrote into The Constitution, I shall not have lived in vain.’”8
Bellamy’s original Pledge read as follows:910I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.
The Pledge was supposed to be quick and to the point. Bellamy designed it to be recited in 15 seconds. As a socialist, he had initially also considered using the words equality and fraternity7 but decided against it – knowing that the state superintendents of education on his committee were against equality for women and African Americans.11
Francis Bellamy and Upham had lined up the National Education Association to support the “Youth’s Companion” as a sponsor of the Columbus Day observance along with the use of the American flag. By June 29, 1892, Bellamy and Upham had arranged for Congress and President Benjamin Harrison to announce a proclamation making the public school flag ceremony the center of the Columbus Day celebrations (this was issued as Presidential Proclamation 335). Subsequently, the Pledge was first used in public schools on October 12, 1892, during Columbus Day observances organized to coincide with the opening of the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois.12
commented on Pearls Before Swine
7 days ago
Old Dubuque, old Dubuque on the Mississippi river. How I love you with my heart, how I love you with my liver.
commented on Herman
7 days ago
If the kid next to me had studied harder I would have gotten better grades.
commented on Monty
11 days ago
No actual birds were harmed in the making of this comic strip.
commented on Dog Eat Doug
12 days ago
commented on Rip Haywire
16 days ago
“Don’t stick your hand out too far,it may go home in another car.”Burma Shave
commented on Frog Applause
16 days ago
With white hair he could pass for Roger “Race” Bannon.
Very reminiscent of Roger “Race” Bannon from Johnny Quest.
commented on Connie to the Wonnie
17 days ago
Roses are red.Violets are blue.I’m a schizophrenic,and so am I.
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